David Cromack: Lower 48 USA Life List ABA Record(s) 1 to 410 of 410 total. Seq. Species Scientific Name Date Location Comments 1 Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis 19/05/1999 Rex Ranch AZ 2 Brant Branta bernicla 02/09/2000 Mono Lake, CA. Also en-route to Grand Junction Colorado (June 2, 2011) 3 Canada Goose Branta canadensis 13/05/2000 Chincoteague Island NC. Mono Lake, CA (03 Sep 2000). Navaho Dam, NM (May 17, 2007), Richardson's on Floating Island Lake (June 6, 2012), various dates in Colorado (June) and Oct 2015 & 18 North Carolina. 4 Mute Swan Cygnus olor 13/05/2000 Chincoteague Island NC. 5 Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinator 13/06/2012 Flat Creek, Elk Refuge 6 Wood Duck Aix sponsa 13/06/2012 Moose-Wilson road overlook, Grand Teton. Also Bass Lake (NC), Oct 6, 2018 7 Gadwall Anas strepera 01/05/1998 Whitewater Draw, Sulphur Springs Valley AZ. Also Fisherman's Island VA (may 12, 2000), Ventura duck refuge, CA (Aug 28, 2000), Fruitgrower's Reservoir Colorado (June 4, 2011), Floating Island Lake (June 6, 2012), Pea Island NC (Oct 12, 2015 and 18)) 8 American Wigeon Anas americana 01/05/1998 Whitewater Draw, Sulphur Springs Valley. Also Wilcox AZ (May 24, 1999), Floating Island Lake (June 6, 2012), Pea Island NC (Oct 12, 2015 and 2018) 9 American Black Duck Anas rubripes 05/06/2012 Floating Island Lake, Yellowstone, Pea island NC (October 12, 2015) & various coastal areas (2018) 10 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 20/04/1997 Twitchell's Reservoir, CA/ Sweetwater Wetlands (April 26, 1998). Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999) and Wilcox (May 24, 1999). Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000), widely in New Mexico (May 2007), widely in Colorado, June 201l, Floating Island Lake (June 5, 2 11 Blue-winged Teal Anas discors 27/10/1995 ACBR, Santa Barbara/ also Sweetwater wetlands AZ (April 26, 1998), Willcox AZ (May 24, 1999), Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000). En-route to West Yellowstone (June 9, 2012), Pea Island NC (Oct 12, 2015) 12 Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera 20/04/1997 Twitchell's Reservoir, CA. Also Sweetwater Wetlands (April 26,1998), Alan Severson Refuge AZ (May 17, 1999), Willcox AZ (May 24, 1999), Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000), Fruitgrower's Reservoir, Colorado (June 4, 2011, Trout Lake, Lamar Valley (June 8, 13 Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata 27/10/1995 ACBR, Santa Barbara / also Sweetwater Wetlands (April 26, 1998) and Guadalupe Dunes State Park, CA (Aug 29, 2000). Navaho Dam State Park (May 17, 2007).En-route to West Yellowstone (June 9, 2012), Pea Island NC (Oct 12, 2015 and 2018) 14 Northern Pintail Anas acuta 07/05/1998 Mormon Lake, AZ. Also Guadalupe Dunes SP (Aug 29, 2000), Floating Island Lake (June 8, 2012), Pea Island NC (Oct 12, 2015 and 2018). 15 Green-winged Teal Anas crecca 24/05/1999 Willcox AZ. En-route to West Yellowstone (09 Jun 2012). Also Assateague Beach pool (Oct 16, 2015, also Oct 19, 2018) 16 Redhead Aythya americana 28/04/1998 Willcox Twin Lakes, AZ. Also Guadalupe Dunes State Park (29/08/2000). 17 Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo Park pond / also Mormon Lake AZ (May 4, 1998), Williams Reservoir, Colorado (June 8, 2011), Floating Island Lake (June 6, 2012) 18 Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis 04/06/2011 Fruit grower's Reservoir, Grand Mesa, Colorado. Also Trout Lake, Lamar Valley (08 Jun 2012) 19 Bufflehead Bucephala albeola 20/04/1997 Twitchell's Reservoir, CA/ Willcox Twin Lakes (28/4/98), Floating Island Lake (06/06/2012). Eastern Neck NWR, Oct 23, 2018) 20 Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula 13/06/2011 Sands Lake, Colorado 21 Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica 06/06/2012 Floating Island Lake, Yellowstone. 22 Common Merganser Mergus merganser 16/05/1999 Salt River Canyon AZ. Merced River, Yosemite, CA (30 Aug 2000). Also Colorado River, Fruita, Colorado (June 3, 2011) and Floating Island Lake (June 6, 2012) 23 Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo beach. Also Chesapeake Bay VA (May 12, 2000) 24 Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo, also Willcox Twin Lakes, AZ (April 28, 1998, May 24, 1999). Ventura duck refuge, CA (Aug 28, 2000), Fruitgrower's Reservoir, Colorado (June 4, 2011), Floating Island Lake (June 6, 2012), Mattamamuskeet Lake, NC (Oct Also Eastern Neck NWR (MD), Oct 23, 2018). 25 Mountain Quail Oreortyx pictus 30/08/2000 Roadside near Yosemite, CA. Two birds seen. 26 Scaled Quail Callipepla squamata 28/04/1998 Portal AZ. Also Empire-Cienaga Ranch AZ (May 22, 1999) and Portal AZ (May 25, 1999) 27 California Quail Callipepla californica 20/10/1995 Mineral Kings Road, Sequoia. Also Andrew Molera State Parl, CA (06/09/2000). 28 Gambel's Quail Callipepla gambelii 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon AZ.Also Tonto National Monument AZ (May 16, 1999) and Rex Ranch (May 18, 1999), Tombstone AZ (May 24, 1999), West Fork Oak Creek Canyon, Sedona (May 11, 2007), Aztec area, New Mexico (June 5 to 9, 2011) 29 Montezuma Quail Cyrtonyx montezumae 22/05/1999 Empire-Cienaga Ranch AZ. 30 Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo 13/10/2015 Enroute from Lake Mattamuskeet NC. Julian Price Reserve, BRP (Oct 8, 2018) 31 Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica 29/08/2000 Guadalupe Dunes State Park, CA Three birds seen. 32 Common Loon Gavia immer 26/10/1995 Monterey Harbour. Also Chincoteague Island boat trip (May 13, 2000), Floating Island Lake, Yellowstone (June 5, 2012), Chincoteague boat trips (Oct 15, 2015) 33 Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo Park pond CA. Also San Pedro Riparian Area (May 2, 1998), Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), Pena Blanca Lake AZ (May 21, 1999), Ventura CA (Aug 28, 2000) and Tavichi Marsh River, Sedona (May 12, 2007), Fruitgrower's Reservoir, Colorado (June 4, Also Bass Pool, BRP (Oct 6, 2018) 34 Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis 26/10/1995 Monterey. Also Twitchell's Reservoir CA (April 20, 1997), Willcox Twin Lakes (April 28, 1998) and Show Low Lake AZ (May 17, 1999). Several hundred on Mono Lake, CA (Sept 2, 2000), Fruitgrower's Reservoir, Colorado (June 4, 2011), several pairs on Floating 35 Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis 15/10/1995 Venice Beach / also Patagonia Lake State Park (May 3, 1998) and Moss Landing, CA (Sept 5, 2000). Fruit grower's Reservoir, Colorado (June 4, 2011). Distant birds, Yellowstone Lake (17/06/2012) 36 Clark's Grebe Aechmophorus clarkii 17/05/1999 Show Low Lake AZ. Also Wilcox AZ (May 24, 1999), Guadalupe Dunes State Park, CA (29 Aug 2000). Also William Robb State Park, Colorado (June 3, 2011), Taggart Lake, Yellowstone (June 12, 2012) and later on Yellowstone Lake 37 Black-footed Albatross Phoebastria nigripes 04/09/2000 Monterey Debra Shearwater pelagic (10+ birds) 38 Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis 04/09/2000 Monterey pelagic 5+ birds recorded on Debra Shearwater cruise. 39 Pink-footed Shearwater Puffinus creatopus 04/09/2000 Monterey pelagic 5+ birds recorded on Debra Shearwater cruise. 40 Buller's Shearwater Puffinus bulleri 14/09/1999 Monterey Bay, CA. 41 Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus 14/09/1999 Monterey Bay, CA (several hundred birds) Recce for readers trip in 2000. 42 Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus 04/09/2000 Monterey pelagic (three birds). 43 Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma furcata 04/09/2000 Monterey pelagic (one bird) 44 Ashy Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma homochroa 04/09/2000 Monterey Debra Shearwater pelagic (100+ birds) 45 Black Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma melania 04/09/2000 Debra Shearwater Monterey pelagic (20+ birds) 46 Northern Gannet Morus bassanus 12/05/2000 Chesapeake Bay Bridge VA. Pea Island Bridge, North Carolina (12 Oct 2015) 47 Brandt's Cormorant Phalacrocorax penicillatus 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo beach. Also Monterey Bay pelagic (29/08/2000) 48 Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus 03/05/1998 Patagonia Lake State Park 49 Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus 15/10/1995 Venice Beach/ also Twitchell's Reservoir, CA (April 20, 1997), Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), Great Dismal Swamp VA (May 12, 2000). Also Monterey Bay (Aug 29, 2000), Barr Lake, Denver (June 2, 2011), Oxbow Bend, Grand Teton (June 16, 2012), Eno River Bass lake, BRP (Oct 5, 2018). 50 Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 16/10/2018 Pea island (Oct 16, 2018) 51 Pelagic Cormorant Phalacrocorax pelagicus 26/10/1995 Monterey Harbour and again on 29/08/2000. 52 American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos 15/10/1995 Venice Beach, CA. Also 60+ in Monterey Bay, CA (Aug 29, 2000). Barr Lake, Denver and other sites (June 1, 2011), A few birds at Oxbow Bend, Grand Teton (June 16, 2012) 53 Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis 15/10/1995 Venice Beach CA. Also Chesapeake Bay VA (May 12, 2000), Ventura (Aug 28, 2000), Pea Island NC (Oct 12, 2015), Nags Head (oct 15, 2018) 54 Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias 27/10/1995 ACBR, Santa Barbara CA. Also Willcox AZ (April 28, 1998), Roosevelt Lake AZ (May 16, 1999). Fisherman's Island VA (May 12, 2000), Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000), en-route to Sedona (May 10, 2007), Barr Lake, Denver (June 2, 2011), Floating Island Lak Julian Price Park, BRP (Oct 7, 2018) 55 Great Egret Ardea alba 03/05/1998 Patagonia Lake State Park. Gt Dismal Swamp (May 12, 2000), Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000), Pea Island, NC (Oct 12, 2015 and widely after) Regular on coast, Oct 2018). 56 Snowy Egret Egretta thula 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo Park pond / also Sweetwater Wetlands AZ (April 26, 1998). Rex Ranch AZ (May 18, 1999), Fisherman's Island VA (May 12, 2000), Monterey Bay (Aug 29, 2000), Denver City Park (June 1, 2011), Pea Island NC (Oct 12, 2015 and widely afterwards) Regular on coast, Oct 2018. 57 Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea 13/05/2000 Chincoteague Island NC. Pea Island (Oct 16, 2018) 58 Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor 03/05/1998 Patagonia Lake State Park. Also Chincoteague NC (May 13, 2000 and Oct 12, 2015). Pea Island (Oct 16, 2018) 59 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis 12/05/2000 Fisherman's Island VA. Alligator River Reserve NC (13 Oct 2015) 60 Green Heron Butorides virescens 20/05/1999 Rex Ranch AZ. Andrew Molera State Park, CA (Sept 6, 2000). Also Partridge Road river, Sedona (may 12, 2007) Formerly Green-backed Heron 61 Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 27/10/1995 ACBR, Santa Barbara / also Patagonia Lake State Park (May 3, 1998). Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000), Mono Bay CA. Roost in Denver City Park (June 1, 2011). Pea Island NC (Oct 12, 2015) 62 White Ibis Eudocimus albus 12/10/2015 Pea Island NC. Same location (Oct 16, 2018). 63 Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus 18/05/1999 Rex Ranch AZ, Fisherman's Island VA (12 May 2000). 64 White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi 26/04/1998 Sweetwater Wetlands. Also William Robb State Park, Colorado (June 3, 2011). 65 Black Vulture Coragyps atratus 03/05/1998 Patagonia roadside rest. Pena Blanca Lake AZ (May 21, 1999). Several on Assateague Island MD (May 14, 2000). 66 Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon. Also Roosevelt Lake AZ (May 16, 1999) and widely through Arizona, Great Dismal Swamp VA ( May 12, 2000), plus daily in Arizona/New Mexico (May 2007). Widely seen in Colorado (June 2 to 14, 2011). Also en-route to Lamar Valley (June 6, 2012) Almost daily in Oct 2018. 67 Osprey Pandion haliaetus 22/10/1995 Route 180 farmland, Sequoia. Also Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), Chincoteague Island NC (May 13, 2000), City Park, Denver (June 1, 2011), Lamar Valley (June 5, 2012) and Firehole River. Pea Island (Oct 12, 2015 and regularly afterwards). Pea Island (oct 68 White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo Reserve CA. Ventura duck refuge, CA (28/08/2000) - eight birds. 69 Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis 16/05/2000 Huntley Meadows, Washington DC 70 Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus 14/05/2000 Assateague Island MD. San Juan Mts, Colorado (05 Jun 2011). Also Lamar Valley, Yellowstone (06 Jun 2012) . Also later along Madison River. West of Chapel Hill NC (Oct 10, 2015), also Chincoteague and Gettysburg. Skyline Drive look-out (Oct 4, 2018) and regular at Chincoteague. 71 Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo Reserve CA. Ventura duck refuge, CA (Aug 28, 2000), Mormon Row, Grand Teton (June 14, 2012), Pea Island NC (Oct 12, 2015). Fly-through at Assateague (Oct 20, 2018) 72 Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus 15/10/1995 Horseshoe Canyon CA. Also Red Rock State Park, Sedona (May 13, 2007), Barr Lake, Denver (June 2, 2011), Alligator River Reserve NC (Oct 12, 2015). Eastern Bay NWR (Oct 18, 2018) 73 Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii 15/10/1995 Horseshoe Canyon, CA/ also Dave Uttaback's yard, Portal (April 29, 1998); Portal AZ (May 24, 1999). Fay Canyon, Sedona (May 11, 2007), Lamar Valley (June 6, 2012), Chapel Hill NC (Oct 4, 205 and widely afterwards). Bass lake (oct 6, 2018) and also at coas 74 Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis 02/05/1998 San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area. Also Red Rock State Park, Sedona (May 13, 2007). 75 Common Black Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus 22/05/2007 Page Springs, Sedona. 76 Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus 29/04/1998 Dave Uttback's yard, Portal 77 Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus 28/08/2000 Ventura duck refuge, CA . Also west of Chapel Hill (Oct 10, 2015) 78 Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus 16/10/2015 Gettysburg. Also Eastern Bay NWR (Oct 18, 2018) 79 Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus 03/05/1998 Patagonia roadside rest 80 Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni 24/10/1995 Livermore CA / also Willcox Twin Lakes AZ (April 28, 1998), Rex Ranch AZ (at least six on May 18, 1999),Sierra Vista (May 22, 1999), Elk Refuge escarpment (perched) on 16/06/2012 81 Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus 30/04/1998 Barfoot Junction, Chiricahuas and Madera Canyon (May 4, 1998) 82 Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis 15/10/1995 Horseshoe Canyon CA/ also Sabino Canyon, AZ (April 26, 1998). Empire-Cienaga Ranch AZ (May 22, 1999) and Phoenix (May 28, 1999). Assateague Island (May 14, 2000), Ventura duck refuge, CA (Aug 28, 2000), Aztec, NM (May 16, 2007), widely in Colorado (June 1 Southern Village park NC (Oct 13, 2018) 83 Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis 26/10/1995 San Luis Obispo roadside 84 Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus 19/04/1997 Observatory Canyon, LA 85 Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos 02/05/1998 San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area. Also Boynton Canyon State Park, Sedona (May 12, 2007). Grand Mesa, Colorado (June 4, 2011). 86 American Kestrel Falco sparverius 20/10/1995 Mineral Kings Road / San Pedro Riparian Area (May 2, 1998), Chiricahua Monument (May 26, 1999). Also Drummond Lake VA (May 12, 2000), Ventura CA (Aug 28, 2000). San Juan River trail, NM (May 18, 2007). Widely seen in Colorado (June 1 to 13, 2011), Marri Pettigrew State Park (Oct 15, 2018) 87 Merlin Falco columbarius 16/10/2015 Assateague Island NC 88 Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 07/05/1998 Mormon Lake, AZ. Also Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), Rex Ranch (May 19, 1999), Chincoteague Island NC (May 13, 2000), Morro Bay, CA (Aug 29, 2000), William Robb State Park CO (June 3, 2011), Alligator River Reserve NC (Oct 13, 2015). Asheville town centre, chasing pigeons (Oct 8, 2018). 89 Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus 29/04/1998 Willow Tank, Portal. Also Guadalupe Dunes State Park (29/08/2000). 90 Sora Porzana carolina 29/04/1998 Willow Tank, Portal, AZ. Also Pacific Grove golf course (05/09/2000). 91 American Coot Fulica americana 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo pond/ LAX to Silverdale (97) . Also Sweetwater Wetlands (April 16, 1998), Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), Pena Blanca Lake AZ (May 21, 1999), Ventura duck refuge, CA (Aug 28, 2000). Partridge Road river, Sedona (May 12, 2007). City Park, Denver 92 Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis 05/06/2012 Floating Island Lake, Yellowstone. 93 Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo beach CA. Also Chincoteague Island NC (May 13, 2000), Ventura fields (Aug 28, 2000). Pea Island Nature Reserve NC (Oct 12, 2015). Pea Island (Oct 16, 2018) 94 Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva 28/08/2000 Ventura agricultural fields (three birds) 95 Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 29/08/2000 Guadalupe Dunes State Park, CA Six birds seen. 96 Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus 13/05/2000 Chincoteague Island NC. Morro Bay, CA (29 Sep 2000 - 6+ birds). Also Pea Island Nature Reserve NC (Oct 12, 2015 and Oct 16, 20180. 97 Piping Plover Charadrius melodus 12/10/2015 Pea Island Nature Reserve NC 98 Killdeer Charadrius vociferus 25/10/1995 Frisco Bay marina / also Sweetwater Wetlands AZ (April 26, 1998), Rex Ranch AZ (May 19, 1999 and Willcox AZ (May 24, 1999). Also Assateague Island (May 14, 2000), Ventura fields (Aug 28, 2000). City Park Denver and several other CO locations (June 1 to Lighthouse station, Outer Banks (Oct 16, 2018). 99 American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus Chincoteague boat trip. Assateage Island boat trip (15 Oct 2015). Assateague (Oct 19, 2018). 100 Black Oystercatcher Haematopus bachmani 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo beach. Also Point Lobos SP (06/09/2000). 101 Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus 26/04/1998 Sweetwater Wetlands. Also Savannah Lake Fishing Bay MD (May 15, 2000), Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000). 102 American Avocet Recurvirostra americana 28/04/1998 Willcox Twin Lakes, AZ. Also Guadalupe Dunes State Park (29/08/2000). Handful in creek, Hayden Valley, Yellowstone (17/06/2012) 103 Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius 27/10/1995 ACBR, Santa Barbara, CA / also Sweetwater Wetlands, AZ (April 26, 1998), Willcox AZ (May 24, 1999), Chesapeake Bay Bridge VA (May 12, 2000), Morro Bay (Aug 29, 2000). Canyon de Chelly, AZ (May 15, 2007) and Page Springs (May 24, 2007). William Robb State En-route to Boone, Blue Ridge Parkway (Oct 6, 2018). 104 Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Chincoteague Island NC. William Robb State Park CO (03 Jun 2011) 105 Wandering Tattler Tringa incana 04/09/2000 Monterey pelagic One bird recorded on Debra Shearwater cruise. 106 Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca 28/08/2000 Ventura duck refuge, CA. Also Pea Island Nature Reserve (Oct 12, 2015) and on other dates later. Wader pool, Assateague (Oct 21, 2018). 107 Willet Tringa semipalmata 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo beach / also Willow Tank, Portal (April 29, 1998). Also Ventura duck refuge, CA (Aug 28, 2000). Fruit growers Reservoir CO (June 4, 2011). Assateague Island boat trip (Oct 15, 2015) Pea Island (Oct 16, 2018). 108 Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes 28/08/2000 Ventura duck refuge, CA . Also west of Chapel Hill (Oct 10, 2015). Kiptopeke State Park NC (Oct 15, 2015) 109 Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo beach. Also Morro Bay (29/08/2000). 110 Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus 01/05/1998 Whitewater Draw, Sulphur Springs Valley AZ. Ventura duck refuge, CA (28/08/2000). 63 birds 111 Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa 15/10/1995 Venice Beach CA. Also Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000). Pea Island Nature reserve NC (Oct 12, 2015 and Oct 16, 2018) 112 Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres 12/05/2000 Chesapeake Bay Bridge VA. Ventura duck refuge, CA (28 Aug 2000). Also Kiptopeke State Park NC (Oct 14, 2015) 113 Black Turnstone Arenaria melanocephala 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo beach, CA. Also Monterey pelagic (04/09/2000). 114 Surfbird Calidris virgata 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo beach 115 Red Knot Calidris canutus 20/04/1997 Twitchell's Reservoir, CA. Also Moss Landing, CA (Sept 5, 2000). Also Assateague Island boat trip (Oct 15, 2015) 116 Sanderling Calidris alba 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo beach, CA. Also Guadalupe Dunes State Park, CA (Aug 29, 2000). Assateague Island beach (Oct 16, 2015). Pea Island (Oct 16, 2018) 117 Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla 13/05/2000 Chincoteague Island NC. 118 Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri 26/04/1998 Sweetwater Wetlands, AZ. Also Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000). Pea Island bridge beach (Oct 12, 2015) 119 Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla 26/04/1998 Sweetwater Wetlands, AZ. Also Chesapeake Bay VA (May 12, 2000), Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000). Also Yellowstone Lake (17/06/2012). Pea Island (Oct 16, 2018) 120 Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos 28/08/2000 Ventura duck refuge, CA. Wader pool, Assateague (Oct 21, 2018) 121 Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata 15/05/2000 Savannah Lake - Fishing Bay MD. 122 Dunlin Calidris alpina 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo beach. Also Chincoteague Island NC (May 13, 2000). Pea Island (Oct 16, 2018) 123 Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus 28/04/1998 Willcox Twin Lakes. Also Assateague Island boat trip (Oct 15, 2015). 124 Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus 26/04/1998 Sweetwater Wetlands. Also Ventura duck refuge (28/08/2000). 125 Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus 28/04/1998 Willcox Twin Lakes AZ. Also Chincoteague Island NC (May 13, 2000) 126 Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 26/04/1998 Sweetwater Wetlands, AZ. Six birds at Mono Lake (03/09/2000). 127 Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor 26/04/1998 Sweetwater Wetlands. Plus hundreds at Mono Lake (02/09/2000) 128 Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus 28/08/2000 Ventura duck refuge, CA 129 Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius 04/09/2000 Recorded on Debra Shearwater cruise from Monterey. Also known as Grey Phalarope. 130 Sabine's Gull Xema sabini 04/09/2000 Monterey pelagic 130+ recorded on Debra Shearwater cruise. 131 Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia 27/10/1995 Andree Clarke Bird Refuge, Santa Barbara 132 Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla 11/05/2000 En-route to Norfolk VA. Swan Quarter pier NC (13 Oct 2015). Widely in North Carolina (Oct 15 to 23, 2018) 133 Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan 26/04/1998 Sweetwater Wetlands. Also Pelican Creek, Yellowstone (17/06/2012) 134 Heermann's Gull Larus heermanni 15/10/1995 Venice Beach CA. Also Morro Bay (29/08/2000). 135 Mew Gull Larus canus 15/10/1995 Venice Beach / also Twitchell's Reservoir CA (April 20, 1997), Great Dismal Swamp VA (May 12, 2000) 136 Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis 28/08/2000 Ventura agricultural fields. Also Jackson Lake, Grand Teton (June 16, 2012). Assateague Island beach (Oct 16, 2015). Assateague (Oct 19, 2018). 137 Western Gull Larus occidentalis 15/10/1995 Venice Beach CA. Also Ventura fields (28/08/2000). 138 California Gull Larus californicus 26/10/1995 Joe's Pt, Monterey / also LAX to Silverlake (April 18, 1997). Also Morro Bay (Aug 29, 2000), City Park, Denver (june 1, 2011), Taggart Lake, Yellowstone (June 11, 2012) 139 Herring Gull Larus argentatus 12/05/2000 Fisherman's Island VA. Jordan Lake NC (09 Oct 2015). Widely seen on Outer Banks (Oct 15 tp 23, 2018) 140 Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus 16/10/2015 Assateague Island Beach. Also Pea Island (Oct 16, 2018). 141 Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens 04/09/2000 Monterey pelagic Hybrid type recorded on Debra Shearwater cruise. 142 Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus 12/05/2000 Chesapeake Bay Bridge VA. Manteo NC (11 Oct 2015). Pea Island lake (Oct 16, 2018). 143 Least Tern Sternula antillarum Chincoteague Island NC. 144 Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica Chincoteague Island NC. 145 Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia 20/04/1997 Twitchell's Reservoir CA. Also Morro Bay, CA (Aug 29, 2000). Swan Quarter NC (Oct 13, 2015). Pettigrew State Park (Oct 15, 2018) 146 Common Tern Sterna hirundo 12/05/2000 Chesapeake Bay Bridge VA. Guadalupe Dunes State Park, CA (29 Aug 2000) 147 Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri 27/10/1995 ACBR, Santa Barbara / also Willcox Twin Lakes (April 28, 19/98). Also Chincoteague Island NC (May 13, 2000), Ventura duck refuge, CA (Aug 28, 2000). Jordan Lake NC (Oct 9 2015 and at coast). Seen regularly at coastal site (Oct 15 to 23, 2018) 148 Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus 12/05/2000 Chesapeake Bay, VA. Morro Bay, CA (29 Sep 2000). Pea Island reserve NC (Oct 12, 2015). Corolla (Oct 17, 2018). 149 Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis 12/10/2015 Pea Island Nature Reserve. 150 Elegant Tern Thalasseus elegans 25/10/1995 Frisco Bay marina. Also Morro Bay, CA (29/08/2000). 151 Black Skimmer Rynchops niger Santa Barbara beach. Also Assateague Island boat trip (Oct 15, 2015) and beachside pool (17th). N of Pea Island HQ (Oct 16, 2018) 152 Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus 04/09/2000 Monterey pelagic Two birds recorded on Debra Shearwater cruise. 153 Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus 04/09/2000 Monterey pelagic 2+ birds recorded on Debra Shearwater cruise. 154 Common Murre Uria aalge 04/09/2000 Monterey pelagic Recorded on Debra Shearwater cruise. 155 Pigeon Guillemot Cepphus columba 29/08/2000 Monterey Bay pelagic. 156 Marbled Murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus 14/09/1999 Monterey Bay pelagic and again in 2000. 157 Cassin's Auklet Ptychoramphus aleuticus 04/09/2000 Monterey pelagic Six birds recorded on Debra Shearwater cruise. 158 Rhinoceros Auklet Cerorhinca monocerata 04/09/2000 Monterey pelagic 12+ birds recorded on Debra Shearwater cruise. 159 Rock Pigeon Columba livia 18/04/1997 LAX to Silverdale/ also Sweetwater Wetlands (April 26, 1998). Seen widely in AZ and NM (May 2007). En-route to Roanoke from Washington DC and later at coast 160 Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata 25/05/1999 Cave Creek Canyon AZ. Yosemite Valley, CA (31 Aug 2000). Six birds seen in Yosemite. 161 Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto 28/08/2000 Morro Bay, CA. Widely in Colorado (June 3 to 14, 2011). Enrroute to Boone (VA) Oct 5, 2018. 162 Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis 14/10/1995 Silverlake, CA 163 White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon. Also Globe AZ (May 16, 1999) and regularly in Arizona (1999), Sedona (May 10, 2007). City Park, Denver (June 1, 2011). 164 Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura 14/10/1995 Silverlake, CA. Also Tonto National Monument (May 16, 1999), Chincoteague Island NC (May 13, 2000), Sabino Canyon, AZ and Ventura, CA (Aug 28, 2000), widely in AZ and NM (May 2007), widespread in Colorado (June 1 to 13, 2011). Denver (June 5, 2012). Seen Widespread in NC (Oct 7 to 21, 2018). 165 Inca Dove Columbina inca 03/05/1998 Patagonia - Paton's homestead and again on May 21, 1999. Turquoise Valley Naco golf course (May 23, 1999) 166 Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina 26/04/1998 Tucson hotel. Also Arivaca Cienaga - Buenos Aires Reserve (May 21, 1999). Sedona (May 10, 2007). 167 Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus 14/10/2015 Jockey Ridge State Park, Nags head NC. Chapel Hill (Joe's) Oct 12, 2018. 168 Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus 13/10/2015 Alligator River Reserve NC. First look-out Blue Ridge Parkway (Oct 5, 2018). 169 Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus 27/10/1995 ACBR, Santa Barbara / also Sabino Canyon (April 26, 1998), Rex Ranch AZ (May 19, 1999), Chiricahua Monument (May 26, 1999) and Yosemite (Aug 30, 2000). 170 Western Screech-Owl Megascops kennicottii Green Valley AZ and again at Paton's Patagonia (May 21, 1999) 171 Whiskered Screech-Owl Megascops trichopsis 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon 172 Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus 29/04/1998 Portal main street AZ. and again on May 26, 1999. 173 Northern Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium gnoma 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon 174 Elf Owl Micrathene whitneyi 28/04/1998 Portal AZ. Also Madera Canyon AZ (May 19, 1999). 175 Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia 03/05/1998 San Xavier del Bac Mission 176 Spotted Owl Strix occidentalis 01/05/1998 Scheelite Canyon, nr Fort Huachuca 177 Great Gray Owl Strix nebulosa 15/06/2012 Moose-Wilson back road, Grand Teton 178 Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis 03/05/1998 Green Valley, AZ. Also Portal AZ (May 27, 1999), Morro Bay, CA (Aug 28, 2000) Many birds viewed under GV street lights. 179 Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor 02/09/2000 Lee Vining, CA. Several sightings in Aztec NM (June 5 to 10 (nine birds), 2011). Also Curtis Canyon, Grand Teton (June 16, 2012) 180 Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii 28/04/1998 Portal AZ and again on May 27, 1999. 181 Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica 12/05/2000 Great Dismal Swamp VA. Also Life & Science Park, Durham NC (06 Oct 2015). Skyline Drive (Oct 4, 2018). 182 Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi 30/08/2000 Yosemite, CA. 183 White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatalis 19/04/1997 Observatory Canyon, LA/ Sabino Canyon (April 26, 1998), Portal AZ (May 26, 1999), widely in AZ and NM (May 2007), Denver (June 5, 2012) 184 Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon. Also at Paton's Patagonia AZ (May 21, 1999). 185 White-eared Hummingbird Hylocharis leucotis 02/05/1998 Ramsey Canyon 186 Violet-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia violiceps 03/05/1998 Patagonia - Paton's homestead AZ. Also Rex Ranch AZ (May 20, 1999) 187 Blue-throated Hummingbird Lampornis clemenciae 28/04/1998 Portal 188 Magnificent Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon. Also Portal AZ (May 26, 1999), Madera Canyon (May 20, 1999). 189 Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris . Great Dismal Swamp VA. Chapel Hill Coker Arboretum (Oct 9, 2015) 190 Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri 18/10/1995 Griffiths Park/ also Portal, AZ (April 28, 1998), Paton's Patagonia AZ (May 21, 1999), and Nojoqui Falls Park, CA (Aug 29, 2000). Colorado National Monument (June 3, 2011) and several other sites to 14th. 191 Anna's Hummingbird Calypte anna 14/10/1995 Griffiths Park/ also Patagonia - Paton's homestead (May 3,1998), Rex Ranch (May 19, 1999) and Nojoqui Falls Park, CA (August 29, 2000), Sedona area (May 11-14, 2007), Aztec and Monument Valley area (May 2007). 192 Costa's Hummingbird Calypte costae 15/10/1995 Creole's garden 19/04/97 193 Calliope Hummingbird Stellula calliope 14/06/2012 Oxbow Bend turn-out 194 Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus 29/04/1998 Dave Uttback's yard, Portal AZ. Also Portal AZ (May 24, 1999). 195 Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus 15/10/1995 Horseshoe Canyon CA/ also Dave Uttaback's yard, Portal April 29, 1998. Also Fay Canyon, Sedona (may 11, 2007). 196 Allen's Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin 15/10/1995 Horseshoe Canyon, Griffiths Park LA / also Nojoqui Falls Park, CA (29/08/2000). 197 Elegant Trogon Trogon elegans 30/04/1998 South Fork, Chiricahuas 198 Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon 25/10/1995 Frisco Bay marina / also San Pedro Riparian Area AZ (May 2, 1998). Also 3 at Morro Bay, CA (Aug 28, 2000). Alligator River Reserve NC (Oct 11, 2015). Duck boardwalk (Oct 17, 2018). 199 Lewis's Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis 30/04/1998 Paradise, Chiricahuas AZ. Also Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), Buena Vista CO (June 14, 2011) - several birds seen. 200 Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus 16/06/2012 Curtis Canyon, Grand Teton. Inn at Crestwood, BRP (Oct 5, 2018) and at Joes 201 Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus 14/10/1995 Silverlake, CA / also Portal, AZ 1997, Madera Canyon AZ (May 20, 1999), Portal AZ (May 24, 1999) and Nojoqui Falls Park, CA (August 29, 2000). Also West Fork Oak Creek Canyon, Sedona (May 11, 2007). 202 Gila Woodpecker Melanerpes uropygialis 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon. Also Tonto National Monument (May 16, 1999), Rex Ranch AZ (May 19, 1999), Red Rock State Park, Sedona (May 13, 2007). 203 Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus 12/05/2000 Great Dismal Swamp VA. Chapel Hill NC (05 Oct 2015) and several other sites later. Seen regularly in NC (Oct 5 to 23). 204 Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius 15/10/2015 Assateague Island NC 205 Red-naped Sapsucker Sphyrapicus nuchalis 21/10/1995 Three Rivers flume walk, en-route from Boseman (05/06/2012) and Oxbow Bend (16/06/2012) 206 Red-breasted Sapsucker Sphyrapicus ruber 24/10/1995 Currie Village, Yosemite, CA and again in 2000. 207 Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris 28/04/1998 Willcox Twin Lakes. Also Dead Horse Ranch State Park, Sedona (May 12, 2007). 208 Nuttall's Woodpecker Picoides nuttallii 18/04/1997 Creole's garden, Los Angeles. Also Nojoqui Falls Park, CA (29/08/2000). 209 Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens 24/10/1995 Currie Village, Yosemite / also Nojoqui Falls Park, CA (Aug 29, 2000), San Juan River trail, NM (May 18, 2007) and Moose-Wilson road overlook (June 15, 2012). Chapel Hill (Oct 6, 2015) Seen at several NC sites (Oct 7 to 22, 2018). 210 Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus 30/04/1998 Barfoot Junction, Chiricahuas, AZ. Also White Mountains AZ (May 16, 1999), Rustler Park AZ (May 27, 1999), Great Dismal Swamp (May 12, 2000), Morro Bay, CA (Aug 28, 2000), Madison River, Yellowstone (June 11, 2012). Big Woods Road, Jordan Lake, NC (Oct 9, Chapel Hill botanic gardens (Oct 12, 2018). 211 Arizona Woodpecker Picoides arizonae 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon Formerly Strickland's Woodpecker 212 White-headed Woodpecker Picoides albolarvatus 31/08/2000 Yosemite Valley, CA. 213 Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon, AZ. Also Gilded at Tonto National Monument (May 16, 1999). Chiricahua Monument AZ (May 26, 1999). Plus 3 birds at Lee Vining Pass, CA (Sept 2, 2000), widely in AZ and NM (May 2007), en-route from Boseman (June 5, 2012). Seen regularly in Co Seen at several NC sites (Oct 15 to 23, 2018). 214 Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Two birds in Sequoia National Park. Also one bird in Yosemite Valley (Aug 31, 2000). Flying bird at Big Woods Road, Jordan Lake Nc (Oct 9, 2015). Skyline Drive (Oct 5, 2018). 215 Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi 26/05/1999 Chiricahua Monument AZ. Yosemite meadows (Sept 1, 2000). Also Madison River, Yellowstone (June 11, 2012) 216 Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus 01/05/1998 Scheelite Canyon, nr Fort Huachuca, AZ. Also Portal AZ (May 24, 1999),Yosemite, CA (Aug 30, 2000), Valley of the Gods, NM (May 23, 2007). Lake Navaho NM (June 6, 2011). Lamar Valley (June 8, 2012) 217 Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii 22/05/1999 San Pedro Riparian Refuge AZ. Also Yosemite, CA (30 Aug 2000). San Juan Mountains, CO (June 5, 2011). 218 Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon 219 Gray Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii 22/05/1999 Garden Canyon, Ft Huachucha AZ. Also William Robb State Park CO (June 3, 2011) 220 Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri 22/05/1999 San Pedro Riparian Refuge AZ. Mono Lake, CA (Sept 2, 2000) 221 Pacific-slope Flycatcher Empidonax difficilis 01/09/2000 Yosemite meadows. 222 Cordilleran Flycatcher Empidonax occidentalis 11/05/2007 Several times in Sedona sites and later at Navaho Dam SP. 223 Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans 14/10/1995 Griffiths Park LA/ also Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts) AZ (1998). Also Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), Kino Springs AZ (May 21, 1999) and Portal AZ (May 24, 1999). Three at Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000).. Seen in several Sedona sites and at Aztec 224 Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe Assateague Island MD. Bolin Creek walk, Chapel Hill NC (04 Oct 2015) and widely afterwards. Almost daily in NC (Oct 8 to 22, 2018). 225 Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya 28/04/1998 Portal. Also Rex Ranch (May 21, 1999), Mexican Hat (May 21, 2007). Salida, CO (June 13, 2011). 226 Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon. Rex Ranch AZ (May 18, 1999) 227 Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon. Also Madera Canyon (May 20, 1999) 228 Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon. Also Tonto National Monument AZ ( May 16, 1999), San Pedro Riparian Refuge (May 22, 1999) and Portal AZ (May 22, 1999). Seen at several Sedona sites and Navaho Dam SP (May 2007). William Robb State Park CO (June 3, 2011). 229 Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus 12/05/2000 Great Dismal Swamp, 2000 and Assateague (May 14). 230 Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon 231 Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts). Also Arivaca Cienaga - Buenos Aires Reserve AZ (May 21, 1999), Sedona (May 10, 2007). 232 Thick-billed Kingbird Tyrannus crassirostris 03/05/1998 Patagonia roadside rest 233 Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis 26/10/1995 San Luis Obispo/ also Sweetwater Wetlands (April 26, 1998) and Rex Ranch AZ (May 19, 1999). Also Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000). Seen regularly in Colorado (June 1 to 13, 2011). En-route from Boseman (June 5, 2012) 234 Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Chincoteague Island, NC. City Park, Denver CO (01 Jun 2011). 235 Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus 15/10/1995 Horseshoe Canyon/ also Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts – April 28, 1998), Florence AZ (May 18, 1999), Rex Ranch (May 19, 1999), Willow Pond, Rodeo AZ (May 27, 1999). Four birds at Ventura duck refuge (28/08/2000). 236 Gray Vireo Vireo vicinior 14/06/2011 St Elmo, CO 237 Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons 09/10/2018 North Carolina Arboretum 238 Plumbeous Vireo Vireo plumbeus 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon. Also Canyon de Chelley ((May 15, 2007). 239 Cassin's Vireo Vireo cassinii Fool Hollow Lake AZ. Also Yosemite Valley, CA (31 Aug 2000). 240 Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius 05/10/2018 Blue Ridge Parkway 241 Hutton's Vireo Vireo huttoni 19/10/1995 Le Brea Tarpits, LA, also Ramsey Canyon (02/05/98) and Nojoqui Falls Park, CA (29/08/2000). 242 Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus 16/05/1999 Salt River Canyon AZ. Also Madera Canyon AZ (May 20, 1999), Andrew Molera State Park, CA (06 Sep 2000). Also Fay Canyon, Sedona (May 11, 2007), Barr Lake state Park, CO (June 2, 2011). Trout Lake, Lamar Valley (June 8, 2012) Julian Price Park, Blue Ridge Parkway (Oct 7, 2018). 243 Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus Washington DC 244 Gray Jay Perisoreus canadensis 23/05/2007 Natural Arches State Park. Also Lamar Valley, Yellowstone (June 7, 2012) 245 Steller's Jay Cyanocitta stelleri 21/10/1995 Sequoia NP / also Mount Lemmon, AZ (April 27, 1998) and Chiricahua Monument (May 26, 1999). Also Morro Bay, CA (Aug 29, 2000) and Fay Canyon, Sedona (May 11, 2007). Colorado National Monument (June 2, 2011). 246 Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata 30/09/2015 Washington DC and almost everyday after that. Almost daily (Oct 4 to 24, 2018). 247 Western Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma californica 14/10/1995 Griffiths Park / also Barfoot Junction, Chiricahuas (April 30, 1998). Globe AZ (May 18, 1999). Seen on several occasions in Colorado (June 3 to 13, 2011). Also widely in California in 2000 and Sedona/Aztec in May 2007. 248 Mexican Jay Aphelocoma ultramarina 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts). Also Madera Canyon (May 20, 1999) and Chiricahua Monument (May 26, 1999) Formerly Grey-breasted Jay 249 Clark's Nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana 02/09/2000 Lee Vining Pass, CA. En-route to West Yellowstone (09/06/2012) and later at Curtis Canyon 250 Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia 02/09/2000 Mono Lake, CA. Also at Canyon de Chelley (May 7, 2007), plus Aztec. Seen on daily basis in Colorado (June 1 to 13, 2011). Lots seen between Boseman and Gardiner ( June 5, 2012). 251 Yellow-billed Magpie Pica nuttalli 03/09/2000 Three seen by orchard in Sonora Pass, CA (03/09/2000). 252 American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos 18/04/1997 LAX to Silverdale. Also Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), Mormon Lake (May 7, 1998). Also widely in California in 2000 and AZ/NM in 2007. Golden Gate National Park CO (June 2, 2011) and en-route from Boseman (June 5, 2012). Washington DC (Sept 30, 2015 and Almost daily (Oct 4 to 22, 2018). 253 Fish Crow Corvus ossifragus 13/05/2000 Chincoteague Island NC. Eastern Neck NWR (Oct 23, 2018). 254 Chihuahuan Raven Corvus cryptoleucus 28/04/1998 Portal/ Chiricahuas, AZ. Also Madera Canyon AZ (May 20, 1999), Yosemite, CA (Aug 30, 2000). 255 Common Raven Corvus corax 15/10/1995 Horseshoe Canyon CA. Also Sabino Canyon (April 26, 1998), widely in AZ in 1999 and NM and AZ in 2007, in Colorado (June 2 to 14, 2011), en-route from Boseman (June 5, 2012). Single bird en-route between Roanoke and Chapel Hill NC (Oct 2, 2015). Daily on Skyline Drive and BRP (Oct 4 to 7). 256 Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris 22/05/1999 Empire-Cienaga Ranch AZ. En-route to Chinle AZ (14 May 2007). Also Elk Refuge, Grand Teton (June 16, 2012) 257 Purple Martin Progne subis 26/04/1998 Sweetwater Wetlands. Fisherman's Island VA (May 12, 2000). 258 Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor 28/04/1998 Portal/ Chiricahuas, AZ. Also Mono Lake, CA (Sept 2, 2000) and regularly in Colorado (June 4 to 13, 2011), Lamar Valley (June 6, 2012). Pea Island Reserve NC (Oct 12 and every day till 18th). Vast numbers on migration at coast (Oct 15 to 23, 2018). 259 Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon AZ. Also Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), Arivaca Cienaga AZ (May 21, 1999), Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000), widely in AZ and NM (May 2007). Photographed in Golden Gate National Park CO and seen regularly in CO (June 2 to 13, 2011). En-r 260 Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis 26/04/1998 Sweetwater Wetlands, AZ. Also Green Valley AZ (May 19, 1999), Nojoqui Falls Park, CA (Aug 29, 2000). Barr Lake State Park (June 1, 2011), en-route from Boseman (June 5, 2012) 261 Bank Swallow Riparia riparia 16/05/1999 Rainbow Lake AZ. Also San Juan River, Aztec (19 May 2007). Salida CO (June 14, 2011). Chincoteague (Oct 18, 2018). 262 Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts). Also Mono Lake (Sept 2, 2000), San Juan River trail, Aztec (May 19, 2007), Williams Reservoir CO (June 8, 2011), Lamar Valley (07/06/2012) 263 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 28/04/1998 Portal/ Chiricahuas, AZ. Also Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), Ventura fields, CA (Aug 28, 2000), Aztec (May 19, 2007). Seen almost daily in Colorado (june 1 to 14, 2011), en-route from Boseman (June 5, 2012) 264 Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis Assateague Island MD. Bolin Creek walk, Chapel Hill NC (04 Oct 2015) and widely afterwards Julian Price Park (Oct 7, 2018) and other sites 265 Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus 02/06/2011 Golden Gate State Park CO. Also Lamar Valley, Yellowstone (07 Jun 2012). Bass lake BRP (Oct 6, 2018) 266 Mountain Chickadee Poecile gambeli 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts) AZ. Also 4+ birds in Yosemite Valley (Aug 31, 2000). Also Havilland Lake CO (June 9, 2011), Pelican Creek, Yellowstone (June 17, 2012) 267 Mexican Chickadee Poecile sclateri 30/04/1998 Barfoot Junction, Chiricahuas. Also Rustler Park AZ (May 27, 1999). 268 Chestnut-backed Chickadee Poecile rufescens 29/09/2000 Morro Bay, CA (3 birds). 269 Bridled Titmouse Baeolophus wollweberi 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts), Madera Canyon (May 20, 1999), Chiricahua Monument AZ (May 26, 1999) 270 Oak Titmouse Baeolophus inornatus 29/08/2000 Nojoqui Falls Park, CA 271 Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor 16/10/2015 Chapel Hill Botanic Gardens. Also NC Arboretum (Oct 9, 2018). 272 Verdin Auriparus flaviceps 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon. Roper Lake AZ (May 28, 1999). 273 Bushtit Psaltriparus minimus 15/10/1995 Horseshoe Canyon CA. Also Globe AZ (May 16, 1999), Santa Cruz River, Tubac, AZ (May 4, 1998) and Morro Bay (Aug 29, 2000). William Robb State Park CO (June 3, 2011). 274 Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis 31/08/2000 Yosemite Valley, CA. Also Lamar Valley trout lake (07/06/2012). Julian Price Park (Oct 7, 2018). 275 White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis 21/10/1995 Three Rivers flume walk, CA. Also Mount Lemmon, AZ (April 17, 1998), Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), Rustler Park AZ (May 27, 1999), Great Dismal Swamp VA (May 12, 2000) and Nojoqui Falls Park, CA (Aug 29, 2000), Navaho Dam State Park, Aztec (May 18, 20 Skyline Drive look-out (Oct 4, 2018). 276 Pygmy Nuthatch Sitta pygmaea 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts) 277 Brown-headed Nuthatch Sitta pusilla 15/05/2000 Savannah Lake - Elliot Island Road MD. Kiptopeke State Park NC (Oct 15, 2015). Duke Uni gardens (Oct 12, 2018). 278 Brown Creeper Certhia americana 21/10/1995 Sequoia NP / also Mount Lemmon (27/04/98) and Yosemite Valley (31/08/2000). 279 Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon, AZ. Also Tonto National Monument AZ (May 16, 1999), Rex Ranch (May 19, 1999). Three on Ventura roadside, CA (28/08/2000). 280 Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts). Also Fool Hollow Lake AZ (May 17, 1999) and Garden Canyon AZ (May 22, 1999), San Juan River trail (May 19, 2007) and Natural Arches SP next day. 281 Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon, AZ. Also Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), Chiricahua Monument (May 26, 1999), Morro Bay (Aug 29, 2000), Red Rock State Park, Sedona (May 14, 2007) and Aztec. 282 Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus 12/05/2000 Great Dismal Swamp VA. Bolin Creek walk, Chapel Hill NC (04 Oct 2015) and widely afterwards. Asheville (Oct 8, 2018) and other sites. 283 Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii 18/10/1995 Griffiths Park/ also Cave Creek Canyon (April 29, 1998), Rex Ranch AZ (May 19, 1999), Portal AZ (May 27, 1999), and Point Lobos SP (Sept 6) and Boynton Canyon, Sedona (May 11, 2007). 284 House Wren Troglodytes aedon 02/05/1998 Ramsey Canyon, AZ. Also Rustler Park AZ (May 27, 1999), Morro Bay (Aug 29, 2000) and Sedona's Fay Canyon (May 11, 2007). Life & Science Park, Durham NC (Oct 6, 2015). 285 Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris 14/05/2007 Red Rock State Park. Also Savannah Lake Fishing Bay MD (May 15, 2000), Barr Lake State Park CO (June 1, 2011), Lamar Valley, Yellowstone (June 8, 2012), Chapel Hill Botanic Gardens (Oct 5, 2015) 286 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts). Also Phoenix Art Gallery (May 28, 1999). Savannah Lake - Elliot Island Road MD (May 15, 2000). Dead Horse Ranch State Park (May 13, 2007). Colorado National Monument (June 3, 2011). 287 Black-tailed Gnatcatcher Polioptila melanura 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon 288 American Dipper Cinclus mexicanus 21/10/1995 Three Rivers flume walk, CA. Also three birds Merced River, Yosemite (30/08/2000). Two young birds on Yellowstone River, near Gardiner (08/06/2012). Nesting birds en-route between Jackson and Yellowstone lake (16/06/2012) 289 Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa 15/10/2015 Assateague Island NC 290 Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula 26/10/1995 Julia Pfieffer Park / Mount Lemmon (April 27, 1998), Garden Canyon, Ft Huachucha AZ (May 22, 1999), Havilland Lake, CO (June 9, 2011). Also Lamar Valley trout lake (June 7, 2012), farmland W of Chapel Hill (Oct 10, 2015) 291 Wrentit Chamaea fasciata 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo Park / also Observatory Canyon, LA (19/04/97) and Andrew Molera SP (06/09/2000). 292 Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis 13/05/2000 Chincoteague Island NC. Chapel Hill NC (Oct 5, 2015), and several other sites later. Skyline Drive rest stop (Oct 4, 2018). 293 Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon, AZ. Also Fool Hollow Lake AZ (May 17, 1999), 10+ birds at Nojoqui Falls Park, CA (Aug 29, 2000). Sedona (May 11, 2007) and Aztec. Several seen at Chris Vest property CO (June 4, 2011). 294 Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides 21/10/1995 Sequoia NP, also Aztec (May 16, 2007) , Grand Mesa CO (June 3, 2011), and Gardiner, Montana (June 5, 2012) 295 Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi 21/10/1995 Three Rivers flume walk, CA. Also Lee Vining Pass (02/09/2000). Riverside Geyser, Yellowstone (10/06/2012) 296 Veery Catharus fuscescens 20/05/1999 Madera Canyon AZ and Rustler Park AZ (May 27, 1999). 297 Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus 12/05/2000 Great Dismal Swamp VA. Madison River, Yellowstone (11 Jun 2012). Also W of Chapel Hill (Oct 10, 2015) 298 Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus 26/10/1995 Julia Pfieffer Big Sur park. Chapel Hill (Oct 5, 2015). Eastern Neck woodland (Oct 23, 2018). 299 Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina 23/10/2018 Eastern Neck woodland 300 Clay-colored Thrush Turdus grayi 20/05/1999 Madera Canyon AZ 301 American Robin Turdus migratorius 20/10/1995 Mineral Kings Road/ Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts - April 27, 1998). Fool Hollow Lake AZ (May 17, 1999), Chincoteague island (May 13, 2000). Widely seen in 2000 (CA) and 2007 (AZ and NM), also throughout Colorado (June 1 to 14, 2011), and in Denver and Regular between Oct 6 and 22, 2018). 302 Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis 13/05/2000 Chincoteague Island. Moose-Wilson back road, Grand Teton (15 Jun 2012). Washington hotel area (Sept 30, 2015) and widely afterwards in NC. Julian Price Park (Oct 7, 2018) and at coast. 303 Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 14/10/1995 Silverlake, CA. Also Globe AZ (May 16, 1999), Rex Ranch (May 19, 1999), en-route to Norfolk VA ( May 11, 2000), Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000), Sedona (May 10, 2007) and Aztec. Seen regularly in Colorado (June 3 to 13, 2011). Life & Science Park, Dur Daily (Oct 4 to 22, 2018). 304 Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus 02/09/2000 Mono Lake, CA. 305 Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum Chincoteague Island NC. Bolin Creek walk, Chapel Hill NC (04 Oct 2015 and occasionally afterwards). Chapel Hill (Oct 12, 2018). 306 Bendire's Thrasher Toxostoma bendirei 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon. Also Turquoise Valley golf course, Naco AZ (May 23, 1999). 307 Curve-billed Thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon. Also Tonto National Monument AZ (May 16, 1999), Rex Ranch (May 18, 1999), Empire-Cienaga Ranch (May 22, 1999), Roper Lake AZ (May 28, 1999). 308 California Thrasher Toxostoma redivivum 15/10/1995 Horseshoe Canyon, Griffiths Park 309 Crissal Thrasher Toxostoma crissale 03/05/1998 San Xavier del Bac Mission. Roper Lake AZ (May 28, 1999). 310 European Starling Sturnus vulgaris 18/04/1997 Creole's garden/ also Sabino Canyon, AZ (April 26, 1998) and Green Valley (May 19, 1999). Widely seen in California in 2000, AZ and NM in 2007 . Daily sightings in Colorado (June 1 to 14, 2011). Also Denver (June 5, 2012). Almost daily sighting in NC from Regular between Oct 4 and 24, 2018) 311 Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum 18/04/1997 Creole's garden LA / Dave Uttback's yard, Portal (April 29, 1998) and Rex Ranch AZ (May 19, 1999). Also Andrew Molera SP, CA (Sept 6, 2000). Also Park in Aztec (June 10, 2011), Lewis Lake, Grand Teton (June 16, 2012). Three immature birds at Pea Island vi Flock at first Skyline Drive lay-by (Oct 4, 2018). 312 Phainopepla Phainopepla nitens 14/10/1995 Silverlake, CA. Also Tonto National Monument AZ (May 16, 1999) and Rex Ranch (May 18 & 19, 1999). Six birds at West Fork Oak Creek Canyon, Sedona (May 11, 2007) and singles in that area on following days. 313 Olive Warbler Peucedramus taeniatus 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts) 314 Tennessee Warbler Oreothlypis peregrina 12/05/2000 Great Dismal Swamp VA. Also Boardwalk area of Duck (14 Oct 2015). 315 Orange-crowned Warbler Oreothlypis celata 29/04/1998 Dave Uttback's yard, Portal, AZ. Also Yosemite meadows (Sept 1, 2000). Monument near Eastern Neck NWR (Oct 22, 2018).. 316 Nashville Warbler Oreothlypis ruficapilla 18/10/2018 Kiptopeke NR 317 Virginia's Warbler Oreothlypis virginiae 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts) 318 Lucy's Warbler Oreothlypis luciae 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon. Also Globe AZ (May 16, 1999), Rex Ranch (May 18, 1999) and Portal AZ (May 24, 1999), West Fork Oak Creek Canyon (May 11, 2007) 319 Northern Parula Parula americana 12/10/2015 Assateague Island NC 320 Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon, AZ. Also Arivaca Cienaga - Buenos Aires Reserve (May 21, 1999), Chiricahua Monument (May 26, 1999), Assateague Island MD (May 14, 2000), Yosemite, CA (Aug 30, 2000), Navaho Dam NM (June 6, 2011), Madison River, Yellowstone (June 2012) 321 Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica 07/10/2018 Julian Price Park 322 Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia 04/10/2015 Bolin Creek walk NC 323 Cape May Warbler Dendroica tigrina 10/10/2015 W of Chapel Hill NC 324 Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulescens 07/10/2018 Julian Price Park 325 Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata 14/10/1995 Hollywood Hills/ also Mount Lemmon, Santa Catalina Mts (April 27, 1998), Alan Severson Refuge AZ (May 17, 1999) and Yosemite meadows (Sept 1, 2000), Golden Gate State Park CO (June 2, 2011), Mammoth Hot Springs (June 6, 2012). Manteo (Oct 11, 2015 and sev Most common warbler at coast (Oct 17 to 22, 2018). 326 Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica nigrescens 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts) AZ. Also Madera Canyon (May 20, 1999), Chiricahua Monument AZ (May 26, 1999), Yosemite meadows (Sept 1, 2000) and Fay Canyon, Sedona (may 11, 2007) 327 Townsend's Warbler Dendroica townsendi 15/10/1995 Creole's garden, Silverlake. Also Madera Canyon (May 20, 1999), West Fork Oak Creek Canyon (May 11, 2007) 328 Hermit Warbler Dendroica occidentalis 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts) AZ. Also Yosemite meadows (01/09/2000). 329 Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca 09/10/2015 Eno River State Park. Julian Price Park (Oct 7, 2018). 330 Yellow-throated Warbler Dendroica dominica 19/10/2018 Assateague 331 Grace's Warbler Dendroica graciae 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts). Also Fool Hollow Lake AZ (May 17, 1999), Red Rock State Park (May 14, 2007) 332 Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus 15/05/2000 Savannah Lake - Elliot Island Road MD. Southern Village Community Park NC (07 Oct 2015) and Oct 13, 2018). 333 Prairie Warbler Dendroica discolor 12/05/2000 Great Dismal Swamp VA. 334 Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata 12/10/2015 Elizabethan Gardens, Roanoke Island. Several females at Duck (Oct 17, 2018) 335 Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia 04/10/2015 Chapel Hill NC and several other sites later. Windsor boardwalk (Oct 15, 2018). 336 American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla 12/05/2000 Great Dismal Swamp VA. Also Boardwalk at Duck (14 Oct 2015) 337 Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea 12/05/2000 Great Dismal Swamp VA. Chapel Hill Botanic Gardens (05 Oct 2015). 338 Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla 12/05/2000 Great Dismal Swamp VA. 339 Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia 12/10/2015 Elizabethan Gardens, Roanoke Island and Duck boardwalk (14th) 340 MacGillivray's Warbler Oporornis tolmiei Salt River Canyon AZ. Also Havilland Lake CO (09 Jun 2011). Also Oxbow Bend turn-out (14 Jun 2012) 341 Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas 25/10/1995 Pacific Grove, CA. Also Sabino Canyon, AZ (April 26, 1998) and Willow Pond, Rodeo (May 27, 1999). Also Chesapeake Bay Bridge (May 12, 2000), two in Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000), Tavichi Marsh, Sedona (May 12, 2007), Chris Vest property CO (June 5, 2 Julian Price Park (Oct 7, 2018) 342 Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina 12/05/2000 Great Dismal Swamp VA. 343 Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pusilla 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts). Also Globe AZ (May 16, 1999), Chiricahua Monument AZ (May 26, 1999), Andrew Molera SP (Sept 6, 2000), several sites around Sedona (May 11-14, 2007). Single sighting Colorado National Monument (June 3, 2011). 344 Red-faced Warbler Cardellina rubrifrons 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts). Also Madera Canyon (May 20, 1999), West Fork Oak Creek Canyon (May 11, 2007) 345 Painted Redstart Myioborus pictus 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon. Also Herb Martyr campground AZ (May 27, 1999), West Fork Oak Creek Canyon (May 11, 2007) 346 Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens 29/04/1998 Willow Tank, Portal. Also Arivaca Cienaga AZ (May 21, 1999), Boyce Arboretum AZ (May 28, 1999). Chesapeake Bay Bridge VA ( May 12, 2000), Red Rock State Park (May 14, 2007) French Broad River Park, Asheville (Oct 8, 2018) 347 Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus Madera Canyon AZ. West Fork Oak Creek Canyon, Sedona (May 11, 2007). Also Jenny Lake, Grand Teton (June 15, 2012) 348 Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus 02/05/1998 San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area. Also Andrew Molera SP, CA (Sept 6, 2000) and Fay Canyon, Sedona (May 11, 2007). Chris Vest property CO (June 5, 2011). 349 Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus 05/10/2015 Chapel Hill Botanic Gardens. Skyline Drive (Oct 4, 2018). 350 Rufous-crowned Sparrow Aimophila ruficeps 30/04/1998 Dave Jasper property, Portal, AZ. Also Salt River Canyon AZ (May 16, 1999), Fool Hollow Lake (May 17, 1999), Madera Canyon (May 20, 1999). Sonora Pass, CA (Sept 3, 2000). 351 Canyon Towhee Melozone fusca 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts). Also Globe AZ (May 16, 1999), Portal AZ (May 27, 1999), Fay Canyon, Sedona (May 11, 2007). 352 California Towhee Melozone crissalis 15/10/1995 Griffiths Park/ also Observatory Canyon, LA (April 19, 1997) , Rex Ranch (May 19 and 21, 1999) and Nojoqui Falls Park, CA (29/08/2000). Formerly Brown Towhee before split with Canyon Towhee. 353 Abert's Towhee Melozone aberti 02/05/1998 San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area 354 Rufous-winged Sparrow Peucaea carpalis 04/05/1998 Santa Cruz River, Tubac 355 Cassin's Sparrow Peucaea cassinii 04/05/1998 Santa Cruz River, Tubac 356 Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina 22/10/1995 Three Rivers flume walk / Portal/ Chiricahuas (April 28, 1998), White Mountains AZ (May 18, 1999), Assateague Island MD (May 14, 2000), Aztec (May 16, 2007), Colorado National Monument (june 3, 2011), en-route from Boseman (June 5, 2012). Coker Arboretum, North Carolina Arboretum (Oct 9, 2018) 357 Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri 28/04/1998 Portal/ Chiricahuas, AZ. Also Mono Lake, CA (02/09/2000). 358 Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla 14/05/2000 Assateague Island MD. 359 Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus 22/10/1995 Three Rivers flume walk / San Pedro Riparian Area (May 2, 1998). Also Rex Ranch AZ (May 18, 1999) and Patagonia (May 21, 1999), Yosemite meadows (01/09/2000). Flock of birds at San Pedro. 360 Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata 28/04/1998 Portal/ Chiricahuas. Also Tonto National Monument (May 16, 1999), Arivaca Cienaga AZ (May 21, 1999), Monument Valley and Valley of the Gods (May 21 and 22, 2007), Colorado National Monument (June 3, 2011). 361 Sagebrush Sparrow Artemisiospiza nevadensis 17/05/1999 Linden AZ. Also Monument Valley (22 May 2007). Also Moose, Grand Teton (June 12, 2012) 362 Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys 28/04/1998 Willcox Twin Lakes. Also Empire-Cienaga Ranch AZ (May 22, 1999). 363 Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis 28/04/1998 Portal/ Chiricahuas, AZ. Also Ventura duck refuge, CA (Aug 28, 2000). Bridge to Assateague Island (Oct 15, 2015). Bass Lake (oct 6, 2018) 364 Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum 28/04/1998 Willcox Twin Lakes 365 Seaside Sparrow Ammodramus maritimus 15/05/2000 Savannah Lake - Fishing Bay MD. 366 Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo Reserve CA 367 Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia 14/10/1995 Silverlake, CA. Also Arivaca Cienaga AZ (May 21, 1999), Chincoteague (May 13, 2000), Ventura, CA (Aug 28, 2000), Boynton Canyon, Sedona (May 11, 2007), Navaho Dam, NM (June 6, 2011), Mammoth (June 6, 2012). Bolin Creek NC (Oct 4, 2015). Julian Price Park 368 Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon. Also Empire-Cienaga Ranch AZ (May 22, 1999).Colorado National Monument (June 3, 2011), Lamar Valley (June 7, 2012) 369 Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana 08/06/2012 Mammoth Hot Springs, Yellowstone 370 White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo Reserve CA. Chapel Hill botanic gardens (Oct 12, 2018) 371 White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys 18/10/1995 Griffiths Park CA/ also Willcox Twin Lakes AZ (April 28, 1998), Paton's Patagonia (May 21, 1999), Morro Bay, CA (Aug 29, 2000): Barr Lake, Denver (June 1, 2011), Oxbow Bend, Grand Teton (June 14, 2012). Farmland W of Chapel Hill NC (Oct 12, 2105) 372 Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis 26/10/1995 Julia Pfieffer Big Sur Park, CA / Also Alan Severson Refuge AZ (May 17, 1999), Nojoqui Falls Park, CA (Aug 29, 2000), Mexican Hat (May 24, 2007), Golden Gate State Park CO (June 2, 2011), en-route from Boseman (June 5, 2012). Dark-eyed subspecies at Life Science Museum 2015. Bass Lake (Oct 6, 2018) 373 Yellow-eyed Junco Junco phaeonotus 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts). Also Rustler Park AZ (May 27, 1999). 374 Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava 01/05/1998 Scheelite Canyon, nr Fort Huachuca AZ. Also Chiricahua Monument AZ (May 26, 1999). 375 Summer Tanager Piranga rubra 29/04/1998 Cave Creek Canyon. Arivaca Cienaga AZ (May 21, 1999) and Garden Canyon (May 22, 1999). Also at various Sedona sites (May 2007), Grand Mesa CO (June 4, 2011). 376 Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea 05/10/2018 En-route to Boone 377 Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon, AZ. Also Rex Ranch (May 18, 1999), San Pedro Riparian Refuge (May 22, 1999), Yosemite Valley (Aug 31, 2000), Sedona (May 11, 2007), Golden Gate State Park CO (June 2,2011), Mammoth Hot Springs (June 6, 2012) 378 Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon. Also Tonto National Monument AZ (May 16, 1999), Tombstone AZ (May 24, 1999), Great Dismal Swamp (May 12, 2000). Common garden bird in Chapel Hill and coastal North Carolina (Oct 4 onwards) Widely seen in NC (Oct4 to 22, 2018). 379 Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon 380 Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus 09/10/2018 North Carolina Arboretum 381 Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus 19/04/1997 Creole's garden LA. Also Rex Ranch AZ (May 18, 1999), Chiricahua Monument AZ (May 26, 1999), Yosemite meadows (Sept 1, 2000), also various Sedona sites (May 2007), Colorado National Monument (June 3, 2011), plus Lamar Valley (07/06/2012) 382 Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea 27/04/1998 Mount Lemmon (Santa Catalina Mts). Empire-Cienga Ranch AZ (May 22, 1999) and Willcox (May 24, 1999). Navaho Dam, Aztec (June 6, 2011), Chapel Hill Botanic Gardens (Oct 5, 2015) 383 Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena 03/05/1998 Patagonia - Paton's homestead. Also Wilcox (May 24, 1999), Partridge Road river, Sedona (May 12, 2007) 384 Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea 12/05/2000 Chesapeake Bay Bridge VA 385 Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus 25/10/1995 Ana Nuevo Park / also Sweetwater Wetlands (April 26, 1998), Rex Ranch AZ (May 18, 1999) and widely in California in 2000, widely around Sedona and Aztec (May 2007). Everyday sighting in Colorado (June 1 to 14, 2011). En-route from Boseman (June 5, 2012) Outer Banks (Oct 16 to 23, 2018) 386 Tricolored Blackbird Agelaius tricolor 21/05/1999 Arivaca Cienaga - Buenos Aires Reserve AZ. 387 Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna 28/04/1998 Portal/ Chiricahuas. Drummond Lake VA (May 12, 2000), Farmland W of Chapel Hill NC (Oct 10, 2015) 388 Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 25/10/1995 Frisco Bay marina. Also Salt River Canyon AZ (May 16, 1999), Empire-Cienaga Ranch AZ (May 22, 1999), Ventura duck refuge (Aug 28, 2000), Barr Lake State Park CO (June 1, 2011), Lamar Valley (June 7, 2012) 389 Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus 26/04/1998 Sweetwater Wetlands, AZ. Also Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999), 6+ birds at Mono Lake, CA (Sept 2, 2000), Fruitgrower's Reservoir CO (June 4, 2011), Lamar Valley (06/06/2000) 390 Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus 15/10/1995 Venice Beach / also Cave Creek Canyon (April 29, 1998). Rainbow Lake AZ (May 16, 1999) and Rodeo AZ (May 27, 1999). Everywhere in California in 1999 and 2000, Red Rock State Park, Sedona (May 14, 2007). Almost daily sighting Colorado (June 1 to 14, 2011), 391 Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula 12/05/2000 Great Dismal Swamp VA. Barr Lake State Park, Denver (1 Jun 2011) and daily to June 5. En-route from Boseman, Montana to Gardiner. (05 Jun 2012). Washington DC (Oct 1, 2015 and regularly at NC coast) Various sites Outer Banks (Oct 16 to 20, 2018). 392 Boat-tailed Grackle Quiscalus major 13/05/2000 Chincoteague Island NC. Duck (Oct 17, 2018). 393 Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus 26/04/1998 Sweetwater Wetlands. Also at various AZ sites in May 1999 and Sedona sites (May 10, 12) and Aztec (May 17.2007). Chris Vest area (June 5, 2011); Also Assateague Island NC (Oct 15, 2015). 394 Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus 16/05/1999 Globe AZ. 395 Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon, AZ. Also Great Dismal Swamp (May 12, 2000), Pacific Grove, CA (Sept 5, 2000) and Aztec (May 14, 2007). Regular sightings in Colorado (June 1 to 13, 2011). En-route to West Yellowstone (June 9, 2012). Pea Island Nature Reserve (Oct 11, 2015 Chincoteague (Oct 18, 2018). 396 Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius 18/04/1997 Creole's garden. Assateague Island MD (May 14, 2000), Barr Lake State Park CO (June 1, 2011). 397 Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus 29/04/1998 Dave Uttaback's yard, Portal, AZ. Also Globe AZ (May 16, 1999), Mono Lake, CA (Sept 2, 2000). 398 Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii 18/04/1997 Creole's garden/ also Sabino Canyon, AZ (April 26, 1998). Also Canyon de Chelley (May 15, 2007), Aztec and later in Monument Valley area. Barr Lake State Park CO (June 1, 2011 and several dates after that). 399 Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula 19/05/1999 Rex Ranch AZ and Garden Canyon AZ (May 22, 1999). 400 Scott's Oriole Icterus parisorum 30/04/1998 Paradise, Chiricahuas. Also Portal AZ (May 24, 1999). 401 Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus 20/05/1999 Madera Canyon AZ. 402 Cassin's Finch Carpodacus cassinii 26/10/1995 Monterey 17-Mile Drive. Also in blizzard at Old Faithful, Yellowstone (10/06/2012) 403 House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus 15/10/1995 Horseshoe Canyon, Griffiths Park/ also Tucson hotel (April 26, 1998), Globe AZ (May 16, 1999) and Ventura (Aug 28, 2000), widely in AZ and NM (May 2007). Daily sighting in Colorado (June 1 to 14, 2011). Denver and Mammoth Hot Springs (June 5, 2012). Wash Joe's local patch (Oct 12, 2018). 404 Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra 12/06/2012 Taggart Lake, Grand Teton. Chapel Hill botanic gardens (Oct 12, 2018). 405 Pine Siskin Spinus pinus 26/04/1998 Sabino Canyon. Also Madera Canyon (May 20, 1999), Portal AZ (May 25, 1999), Colorado National Monument (June 3, 2011), Mammoth Hot Springs (June 6, 2012) Skyline Drive (Oct 4, 2018). 406 Lesser Goldfinch Spinus psaltria 20/10/1995 Three Rivers / also Sabino Canyon (April 26, 1998), Green Valley AZ (May 19, 1999), Portal AZ (May 25, 1999) and Sedona sites (May 12-14, 2007) 407 Lawrence's Goldfinch Spinus lawrencei 20/10/1995 Three Rivers 408 American Goldfinch Spinus tristis 30/04/1998 Dave Jasper property. Assateague Island MD (May 14, 2000), Chapel Hill Botanic Gardens (Oct 5, 2015) 409 Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus 04/06/2011 Chris Vest property, Dolores CO 410 House Sparrow Passer domesticus 19/04/1997 Creole's garden/ also Mount Lemmon (April 27, 1998), Rex Ranch AZ (May 18, 1999), widely in AZ and NM (May 2007), Colorado (June 1 to 14, 2011), Denver (June 5, 2012), Lamar Valley and Yellowstone sites. Almost daily sighting in North Carolina and Maryla Duck and other coastal sites (Oct 17 to 24, 2018).